By Kathleen L. Slaney Timothy P. Racine
This edited quantity contains contributions from the world over popular specialists within the philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein. It applies his later philosophy to concrete concerns touching on the integrity of medical claims in a large spectrum of study domain names inside modern psychology.
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Additional resources for A Wittgensteinian Perspective on the Use of Conceptual Analysis in Psychology
I know what I think’ is unlike ‘I know what you think’ – all it amounts to is either ‘I have an opinion on the matter’ or ‘I have made up my mind on the matter’. For in all such cases, there is no such thing as not knowing, being ignorant, having or lacking grounds, doubting, wondering, believing or thinking, guessing or being mistaken. By the same token, there is no such thing as knowing, being right, being sure or certain, and finding out, learning or detecting. Although there is such a thing as introspection, it is not a kind of inner sense (or ‘apperception’ as Leibniz denominated it).
Xv, emphasis added) Reliance on everyday mental concepts is utterly pervasive in psychology. It is part and parcel of the interpretation of data whenever and wherever everyday psychological phenomena are under investigation. This includes investigation of such familiar and core psychological phenomena as ‘believing’, ‘experiencing’, ‘pretending’, and ‘empathizing’. Consider, for example, the following passage from a recent introduction of a special issue on empathy. It nicely illustrates – and gives the flavour of – a characteristic and undeniable fact about the state of the understanding of the concepts that frame and underpin psychological research.
And this sets the stage for what looks like an attempt at a traditional form of conceptual analysis designed to advance our understanding of the nature of empathy by determining to what extent, and in what measure, it involves ‘thinking’ and ‘feeling’, appealing to yet more everyday psychological concepts. Of course, the promised deeper analysis in terms of these terms will turn out to be blunted if the concepts of ‘thinking’ and ‘feeling’ themselves turn out to lack ‘agreed definitions’, which, of course, they do.
A Wittgensteinian Perspective on the Use of Conceptual Analysis in Psychology by Kathleen L. Slaney Timothy P. Racine