By Artur Cavaco-Paulo, V. A. Nierstrasz Vincent Nierstrasz
Biotechnology has impacted the textiles during the improvement of extra effective and environmentally pleasant production techniques, in addition to allowing the layout of superior fabric fabrics. This ebook will supply an intensive assessment of present and destiny focuses of biotechnology within the fiber and cloth undefined. half one of many e-book opens with a assessment of applied sciences excited by cloth biotechnology. Chapters discover the layout and engineering of novel enzymes for fabric purposes and advancements in tactics and gear for enzymatic cloth remedies. half investigates the amendment of specific fibers by using biotechnology. Key issues comprise the therapy of wool and silk fibers and the enzymatic remedy as opposed to traditional processing of cotton. With specialist contributions from leaders of their fields, Advances in cloth Biotechnology will function a entire advisor for these within the cloth and fiber undefined, in addition to specialists within the biology, chemical and environmental engineering industries.
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Additional resources for Advances in Textile Biotechnology
Degani o, gepstein s and dosoretz c g (2004), ‘A new method for measuring scouring efficiency of natural fibers based on the cellulose-binding domainbeta-glucuronidase fused protein’, J Biotechnol, 107(3), 265–273. 1016/j. 015. desantis g and jones j b (1999), ‘Chemical modification of enzymes for enhanced functionality’, Curr Opin Biotechnol, 10(4), 324–330. 1016/S09581669(99)80059-7. © Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2010 Design and engineering of novel enzymes for textile applications 25 erwin c r, barnett b l, oliver j d and sullivan j f (1990), ‘Effects of engineered salt bridges on the stability of subtilisin BPN’, Protein Eng, 4, 87–97.
1987). By replacing the tyrosine that was at position 217 in subtilisin BPN′ by leucine, the resulting mutant enzyme (BPN′ Tyr217Leu) exhibited a ten-fold increase in efficiency, compared with the wild-type subtilisin BPN′, for the hydrolysis of synthetic substrates. , 1996). Thus, a single amino acid change in subtilisin BPN′ yielded an enzyme that is significantly better for laundry applications than the parent enzyme. In a similar study, the structure of the subtilisin produced by Bacillus lentus (subtilisin BL) was compared with the structure of subtilisin BPN′ and it was found that both enzymes differ in 103 out of 275 positions.
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Advances in Textile Biotechnology by Artur Cavaco-Paulo, V. A. Nierstrasz Vincent Nierstrasz