By Jonathan Sutherland
African american citizens at battle: An Encyclopedia КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: ABC-CLIOАвтор(ы): Jonathan D. SutherlandЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 2004Количество страниц: 844ISBN: 1-85109-371-0Формат: pdf (e-book)Размер: 11.0 mb RapidIfolder zero
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Additional resources for African Americans at War: An Encyclopedia
Each regiment had its own way of coping, which depended on the attitudes of a commanding officer and his subordinates. Some relied on aggression and punishment for the most minor infraction; others recognized that praise and encouragement were more effective. Several regiments offered passes to their men for exemplary conduct; others rewarded companies with rosettes and, in the absence of any real notion of how these men would perform in combat, stripes were issued to men who performed well during training and drills.
Colored Infantry Band at Fort Corcoran, Arlington, Virginia, November 1865. (Library of Congress) the defense works. African American regiments made up a substantial proportion of the 19th Corps, notably the 1st and 3d. S. Colored Infantry). Both regiments were typical of the USCT of the period, a mixture of free men and former slaves. The majority of the 1st Louisiana were free men.
Between 1963 and 1968, the three service academies produced fifty-one African American officers. Although still a modest number, it was nevertheless a significant increase; over the preceding eighty-six years—from 1877, when the first African American graduated from West Point, to 1963—there had been only sixty African American graduates. Numbers of black students at the academies continued to increase— still extremely slowly (see Table 2). | 5 | African American Officers TABLE 1. 2 Source: MacGregor 1985.
African Americans at War: An Encyclopedia by Jonathan Sutherland