By G J Persley, M. M. Lantin
Following on from past titles during this sequence, this quantity offers additional fabric generated by way of the realm Bank/ISNAR/Australian govt biotechnology study.It covers the current prestige and destiny customers for the appliance of biotechnology to resolve agricultural and environmental difficulties in a couple of constructing nations. specific concentration is given directly to advancements that experience taken position over the past decade.
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More than 90% of the food allergens that occur in 2% of adults and 4–6% of children are associated with eight food groups. These include Crustacea, eggs, fish, groundnuts, soybean, tree nuts and wheat. These foods merit close attention when examining GM foods for the potential for increased risk of allergenicity (Lehrer, 2000). There is also a need to assess the allergenic potential of unknown proteins, such as those produced by Bt genes in plants. It was the presence of a heat-tolerant Bt protein in Starlink maize that caused the US FDA to withhold approval for its use in human con- Global Challenges and Emerging Science 23 sumption, as the FDA scientific advisory panel considered that this protein posed a moderate allergy risk.
They may also be used for the identification of genes suitable for use in the development of transgenic strains (Serageldin and Persley, 2000). The most striking differences between the techniques of modern biotechnology and those that have been used for many years lie in the increased precision with which the new techniques may be used and the shorter time required to produce results. For example, modern biotechnology enables plant breeders to collaborate with molecular biologists and transfer to a popular and highly developed crop variety one or two specific genes needed to impart a new characteristic, such as a specific kind of pest resistance.
What are the specific concerns? How to do it? Who will do it? Who will pay for it? In Brazil, many lines of R & D are benefiting from the application of biotechnology tools such as marker-assisted plant and animal breeding, genomic mapping of several species including sugar cane, embryo transfer applied to different animal species, genetic resources characterization and conservation, and use of genetic improvement to introduce new traits, such as papaya resistant to papaya ringspot virus and beans resistant to golden mosaic virus.
Agricultural Biotechnology by G J Persley, M. M. Lantin