Download e-book for iPad: Altruism (Concepts in the Social Sciences) by Niall Scott, Jonathan Seglow

By Niall Scott, Jonathan Seglow

ISBN-10: 0335222498

ISBN-13: 9780335222490

ISBN-10: 0335222501

ISBN-13: 9780335222506

Comprensive exam of analysis and conception. This e-book will saticefy either the pro and well known reader. this isn't pop psychology yet a major exam of an imporant behavioral idea. the pro group may gain advantage tremendously from an exam of its empirical and theoretical components. the overall reader, with a flavor for critical behavioral concept will achieve significant perception into a huge component to human habit. A demanding yet relaxing learn for either forms of reader.

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Additional info for Altruism (Concepts in the Social Sciences)

Example text

However, the reductionism of kin selection, sociobiology, and other gene-centred views is not without its critics. Janna Thompson (1982) accuses sociobiology of being an undisciplined collection of theses and models relating the biological and the social rather than being a discipline as such. She notes that when under attack from one angle, say a biological angle, sociobiology can resort to a defence using the social, and vice versa. In particular, she criticizes sociobiology for shifting from a strong claim to a weaker one concerning altruism; the latter is more defensible but is not distinctively sociobiological.

Even if I am not so qualified, I ought at least to call an ambulance and give such assistance as I can until it arrives. This latter duty is underwritten by good Samaritan laws in some countries where one can be penalized for failing to help. ) If in this accident, a fire is started in the car and the driver is trapped, rescuing them would involve me in considerable risk to myself, illustrating that it is not merely the good one can do, but also the risks one incurs that determines whether an act is supererogatory or morally obligatory.

The evolution of sympathy and related behaviours that were directed towards others in the same community were, according to Darwin, beneficial for survival, starting with the benefits conferred by social living: ‘With those animals which were benefited by living in close association, the individuals which took the greatest pleasure in society would best escape various dangers; whilst those that cared least for their comrades Kerrypress Ltd – Typeset in XML A Division: chap03 F Sequential 3 JOBNAME: SM − MSEL PAGE: 4 SESS: 10 OUTPUT: Wed Aug 8 12:23:36 2007 SUM: 3B24789D /production/mcgraw−hill/booksxml/scoseg/chap03 42 Altruism and lived solitarily would perish in greater numbers’ (Darwin 1874: 102).

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Altruism (Concepts in the Social Sciences) by Niall Scott, Jonathan Seglow

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