By Sirkkaliisa Jetsonen, Jari Jetsonen
Over the process a occupation spanning greater than fifty years, Finnish architect and fashion designer Alvar Aalto (1898-1976) designed approximately 100 single-family homes. Aalto, who's additionally recognized for his furnishings and glassware, labored in a different kind that mixed modernism and conventional vernacular structure. Authors Jari and Sirkkaliisa Jetsonen (Finnish summer season homes) current twenty-six of Aalto's cutting edge residences—from small summer season houses and postwar standardized housing to massive housing complexes for commercial commissions—built among the Nineteen Twenties to the Nineteen Sixties.
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Extra info for Alvar Aalto Houses
The small table and stackable stool were designed for the Paimio Sanatorium in 1932. In the 1920s and early 1930s Aalto used lamps by Danish designer Poul Henningsen (1894–1967) in his houses, such as the wall lamps from the 1930s shown here. bottom Entrance hall. The PH 5 lamp model by Henningsen is from 1958. The coat rack was designed by Anna Maija Jaatinen for Artek in 1964. 56 below The kitchen was designed according to the Frankfurt kitchen principles. 57 right Living room. The tea trolley and armchairs were designed by Aalto in 1936 and exhibited at the Milan Triennial.
In the early 1930s Aalto still favored standardization in design, but he soon began to strive for a more humane approach, and nature and its biological standardization became the main model for his architecture. From the mid-1930s onwards he brought wood into the material palette of his buildings, softening and enriching the stark white volumes. He also started to use free, undulating, or amoeboid forms in canopies, interior surfaces, and in his designs for glass vases and furniture. 51 Villa Tammekann Tartu, Estonia 1932–33 Villa Tammekann, located in the old university town of Tartu in Estonia, was the first project Aalto realized outside of Finland.
Although the Aalto House has many features typical for the time, such as a flat roof, cubic volumes, and a roof terrace, it is also strongly rooted in the best of Finnish traditions. Art historian and architect Gustaf Strengell (1878–1937), who wrote with great enthusiasm about Aalto’s first functionalist buildings and was a significant supporter of Aalto, visited the house on a summer afternoon in 1937. According to Göran Schildt, he delivered the finest criticism Aalto ever received of his home when he said: “I just visited the Seurasaari museum to see the Niemelä farm.
Alvar Aalto Houses by Sirkkaliisa Jetsonen, Jari Jetsonen