Get Ancient Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short PDF

By Julia Annas

ISBN-10: 0192853570

ISBN-13: 9780192853578

The culture of historic philosophy is a protracted, wealthy and sundry one, during which the notes of dialogue and argument continuously resound. This e-book introduces historical debates, enticing us with the traditional advancements in their topics. relocating clear of the presentation of historical philosophy as a succession of significant thinkers, the e-book offers readers a feeling of the freshness and liveliness of historical philosophy, and of its wide array of topics and types.

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Additional info for Ancient Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)

Sample text

Plato’s complaints about democracy and his view that governing requires specialized knowledge were taken up in the ongoing debates about modern representative democracy and extensions of voting rights. The Republic provided materials for thinking about contemporary issues, and nineteenth-century concerns lit up Plato’s ideal state as the controlling idea of the book. Jowett’s interpretation of the Republic has had an astonishingly long life. In English-speaking countries, it has long outlived the vogue for Idealist philosophy, and the political debates, that produced it.

Unlike the schools of Plato, Aristotle and the Stoics, it was not one which met in a public place and in which teaching prominently included argument and debate. Epicurus’ school was called the Garden after its home, and his teaching put a premium on learning and memorizing the words of Epicurus and other founding members. Discussion took place orally and in writing throughout the school’s history, but Epicureans regarded Epicurus as a saviour from unhappiness and a shining light in a way that philosophers from other schools found too deferential.

Socrates objects that as a policy this may be dangerous; if you are unable to control your desires you may end up at the mercy of people who can, and who use their superior self-mastery to compete with you successfully and to gain control over your life. Aristippus doubts this. He can, he says, lead a life which is devoted to self-gratification and yet manage to avoid being dominated by others; and this is the way to happiness. Socrates disagrees. It isn’t, he thinks, just a matter of evading what others can do to you.

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Ancient Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions) by Julia Annas

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