By Committee on Defining Science-Based Concerns Associated with Products of Animal Biotechnology
This ebook identifies science-based and policy-related matters approximately animal biotechnology that has to be resolved ahead of breakthroughs in genetic-based animal biotechnology can succeed in their power. After a quick heritage of the sphere and definitions of phrases, the booklet describes what's recognized and what's feared approximately rising applied sciences and questions on the topic of the inadvertent unencumber of risky microorganisms, the security of goods derived from biotechnology, and the impression of genetically engineered animals on their setting. there's additionally dialogue of animal welfare matters and society's potential to control and deal with expertise.
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Additional info for Animal Biotechnology: Identifying Science-Based Concerns
As there are ethical and practical concerns related to the use of donor organs from primates, the pig, in particular, is being considered as an alternative. , 1993). As a result, the xenograft immediately becomes a target for acute rejection. , 2002). Although the mouse, because of its small size, short generation times, fecundity, and well-studied genetics has become the animal of choice for providing models for human disease, farm species might provide alternatives where the mouse is inappropriate.
1999). It now is generally accepted in the scientific and medical communities that antibiotic resistance can be exacerbated by the widespread improper use of antibiotics. What remains controversial is whether agriculture contributes sufficiently to the problems associated with resistant pathogens to justify a complete curtailment of their use as growth promoters (DANMAP, 2000; Stephenson, 2002). A recent report from the National Research Council (NRC, 1999) failed to find a definitive link between the agricultural use of antibiotics in animal feed drinking water and antibiotic resistance of human pathogens.
8 kilogram. , 1999) on about half the amount of feed (Lacy, 2000). Scientific breeding, combined with better nutrition and veterinary care, clearly has produced breeds of animals that are remarkably productive, although sometimes strikingly different in habits and appearance from those farmed early in the twentieth century. The practice has also led to a loss of many breeds of livestock and fowl, and a decline in genetic diversity within the breeds that survive. For example, it has been estimated that there were several hundred specialty lines of chicken in North America at the beginning of the last century, whereas the number of commercial hybrid strains now available through suppliers is fewer than 10 (North and Bell, 1990).
Animal Biotechnology: Identifying Science-Based Concerns by Committee on Defining Science-Based Concerns Associated with Products of Animal Biotechnology