By John S. Gilkeson
This booklet examines the intersection of cultural anthropology and American cultural nationalism from 1886, whilst Franz Boas left Germany for the USA, till 1965, whilst the nationwide Endowment for the arts was once validated. 5 chapters hint the advance inside educational anthropology of the thoughts of tradition, social category, nationwide personality, price, and civilization, and their dissemination to non-anthropologists. As americans got here to think about tradition anthropologically, as a "complex entire" a ways broader and extra inclusive than Matthew Arnold's "the top which has been concept and said," so, too, did they arrive to determine American groups as stratified into social sessions distinctive by way of their subcultures; to characteristic the making of the yank personality to socialization instead of beginning; to find the uniqueness of yankee tradition in its subconscious canons of selection; and to view American tradition and civilization in an international viewpoint.
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Additional info for Anthropologists and the Rediscovery of America, 1886-1965
71 67 68 69 70 71 Robert H. Lowie, review of The Mind of Primitive Man, American Journal of Sociology 17 (1912): 835; Robert H. Lowie, Robert H. 9, Kluckhohn Papers; Franz Boas, ‘‘Anthropology,’’ in Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, ed. Edwin R. A. Seligman (New York: Macmillan, 1930), 2:79; Clyde Kluckhohn, ‘‘Bronislaw Malinowski, 1884–1942,’’ Journal of American Folklore 56 (1943): 210–211. Robert H. Lowie, ‘‘A New Conception of Totemism,’’ American Anthropologist 13 (1911): 189–207; reprinted in Lowie’s Selected Papers in Anthropology, ed.
Transaction Publishers, 1992), 150; Jesse Rainsford Sprague, ‘‘The Chain-Store Mind: Reflections of a Shopkeeper,’’ Harper’s, February 1929, 359; Daniel T. : Harvard University Press, 1998), 372–376. 33 The First World War shattered American provincialism and fueled cultural nationalism. 35 In colleges and universities across the land, young Turks, chafing at the fact that ‘‘English departments remained bastions of Anglophilia,’’ organized an American Literature Group (ALG) within the Modern Language Association in 1921.
42 At Harvard, Frederic Ward Putnam was Peabody Professor of American Archaeology and Ethnology from 1887 until his retirement in 1904. Trained as a natural historian by the zoologist Louis Agassiz, Putnam built the Peabody Museum, which had been established in 1866, into the first exclusively anthropological museum in North America and made Harvard a center for specialized training in physical anthropology and archaeology. A formidable academic entrepreneur, Putnam mounted displays of anthropological specimens at the World’s Columbian 39 40 41 42 Hinsley, Savages and Scientists, 83–230; Donald Worster, A River Running West: The Life of John Wesley Powell (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001); Elizabeth McFeely, Zun˜i and the American Imagination (New York: Hill and Wang, 2001).
Anthropologists and the Rediscovery of America, 1886-1965 by John S. Gilkeson