By Joze Krasovec
This examine of antithesis in biblical poetry arose out of the author’s prior paintings on merism in his 1977 doctoral dissertation. the current paintings seeks to target the phenomenon of antithesis according to se, and to envision its position in consultant examples of assorted biblical genres: “epic,” “psalmic,” “prophetic,” and “didactic” literature. It concludes with a listing of situations of antithesis within the Hebrew Bible and an try out at huge categorization, in addition to a few hypothesis in regards to the beginning of the elemental kinds of antithesis.
No doubt by means of its try to concentration realization at the particular phenomenon of antithesis and its meeting of definitions and examples, this examine can be of curiosity to a couple scholars of biblical kind. regrettably, notwithstanding, it really is open to feedback on a number of issues. first of all, its very topic: why “antithesis”? The worthiness of this classification for forthcoming Hebrew sort isn't really puzzled via this learn, yet purely assumed, possibly simply because antithesis has been this kind of admired characteristic in descriptions of classical Greek and Latin rhetoric—indeed, a few of these descriptions (Aristotle, Quintilian, et al.) are marshaled within the author’s fight to outline antithesis for the Bible. yet that the phenomenon he identifies as antithesis may well greater be approached within the context of broader elements of biblical variety, maybe even lower than another rubric, isn't really one among this study’s theoretical matters: to the contrary, the writer is at pains to tell apart antithesis from all demeanour of items that resemble it yet are extra effectively known as via different names (“merism,” for example). but now not all such makes an attempt at isolation and concentration are unavoidably important, and for this reason the reader can't support feeling that, at the one hand, antithesis by no means does get remoted and outlined in any convincing style, and, at the different, attention of antithesis in addition to its excluded look-alikes could have been way more enlightening.
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Extra resources for Antithetic Structure in Biblical Hebrew Poetry
H. Lausberg evidently admits that such a linguistic correspondance is not indispensable. l~ im"1' n'niN ",n '31' ,~,~ nJ31-p i)~~ ,~,~ 4 6 This establishes distinctly enough the close relation between the two stanzas. That this relation is basically antithetic can be recognized from various linguistic factors. Already the introductory cola show the foundation of the antithesis. In 4a the temporal expression is verbal and underlines YHWH's action of ephiphany; in 6a the temporal expression is substantivaI and describes the miserable situation in the country.
Cf. C. F. Burney, The Book ofJudges, 135; R. G. Boling, Judges, 112. EPIe LlTERATURE 31a//31b The concluding antithetic parallelism: "Thus may perish all enemies of YHWH! " 2 When they cast off restraint in Israel when the peoPle volunteer - bless the Lord! 3 Hear, 0 kings, listen, 0 princes, to the Lord 1 will sing, 1 will chant to the Lord, the God of Israel. 4 0 Lord, when you went out from Seir, when you marched from the land of Edom, the earth shook, the heavens poured, the clouds poured down water.
Cf. further B. Margulis, "An Exegesis ofJudges V 8a", VT 15 (1965) 66-72. Yet, this is just one of several possible interpretations. In fact we are faced here with the most controversial part of the Song. Can en, really be understood as the equivalent of ;'1on,o? M. D. Coogan, "A Structural and Literary Analysis of the Song of Deborah" ,CBQ 42 (1980) 147 n. 24, decides after sorne others as follows: "Vocalize lafw,mü". Several other interpreters see in the phrase a more fundamental difficulty, and in the last two decades sorne new suggestions were elaborated.
Antithetic Structure in Biblical Hebrew Poetry by Joze Krasovec